We use several wood species for our timber frames: Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Native Hemlock and Native Red & White Oak. From time to time, we also use Southern Yellow Pine, Cypress and Cedar.
We finish them in different ways. The timbers can be left rough sawn for a rustic look, planed smooth & chamfered for a highly finished look, or hand hewn for an antique look. Stains are then applied to color the wood & seal the grain. The stain can be a natural 'clear' color or a darker color, such as Minwax Golden Oak. It is important that the stain is shop-applied to all surfaces & joints of a beam because then the timber is completely sealed and will dry out slowly.